Hexafluorophosphate-Based Solutions for Mg Batteries and the Importance of Chlorides

<< BACK
The selection of viable conventional magnesium salts in electrolyte solutions for Mg secondary batteries is very limited. Reversible magnesium deposition was demonstrated with only MgTFSI2, in ethereal solutions. A recent report has suggested that Mg can be reversibly deposited from a solution of Mg(PF6)(2) in tetrahydrofuran and acetonitrile. In this paper, we dispute that claim and show that PF6(-) anions passivate Mg anodes and completely inhibit any Mg deposition/dissolution process. We show that addition of chlorides suppresses the passivation phenomena and allows reversible Mg deposition/dissolution processes to commence. The Mg deposits have been examined via elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction measurements, depicting a highly oriented, preferential Mg growth. This study evaluates the feasibility of employing PF6-based electrolytes for Mg batteries and exemplifies the aptitude of chlorides for suppressing passivation phenomena.
<< BACK