Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation Monitoring (EQCM-D) for in-situ studies of electrodes for supercapacitors and batteries: A mini-review
M. D. Levi, L. Daikhin, D. Aurbach, V. Presser
Herein the application of a recently introduced new method of tracking in-situ the intercalation-induced deformations of supercapacitor and Li-battery electrodes is reviewed. The method is based on the use of multi harmonic electrochemical quartz microbalance with dissipation monitoring, EQCM-D (in-situ hydrodynamic spectroscopy) which enables a permanent control of the electrodes' state-of-health by probing their mechanical properties. The potential-dependent frequency and resonance width changes are fitted to a chosen hydrodynamic admittance model allowing thus quantification of the electrode deformations under different charging conditions. Intercalation of different alkaline metal cations into layered MXene electrode serves as a readily understandable working example of quantifying such electrodes deformations. Further method developments including in-situ viscoelastic characterization of composite porous electrodes are envisaged in the near future. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.