D. Amara; I. Felner; I. Nowik; S. Margel, Synthesis and characterization of Fe and Fe3O4 nanoparticles by thermal decomposition of triiron dodecacarbonyl
Colloids and Surfaces a-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects,
Magnetic nanoparticles possess numerous potential applications, e.g., hyperthermia, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), catalytic applications, etc. Decomposition of iron pentacarbonyl is one of the most common methods for preparation of magnetic iron oxide and iron nanoparticles. However, Fe(CO)s is severely toxic and alternative precursors should be used. The present manuscript presents a new simple method for preparation of iron oxide and iron nanoparticles, by thermal decomposition of Fe-3(CO)(12) in diethylene glycol diethyl ether with oleic acid as a stabilizer. The obtained magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles were annealed at 300, 700 and 900 C under inert atmosphere. The annealing temperature allowed control of size and size distribution of the nanoparticles, as well as their composition, crystallinity and magnetic properties. The as-prepared nanciparticles and the nanciparticles annealed at 300,C are superparamagnetic with blocking temperatures of 22 and similar to 140 K, respectively, while the nanciparticles annealed at 700 and 900 degrees C are ferromagnetic. The nanciparticles annealed at 900 degrees C are composed of pure Fe as the major phase (90%) and Fe3O4. Characterization of the obtained nanoparticles has been accomplished by routine methods such as transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, superconducting quantum interference, elemental analysis and Mossbauer spectroscopy. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.